He will also be given any needed immunizations to help prevent him from passing on illnesses like chickenpox and the seasonal flu to you during pregnancy. A study of Danish men found that sperm count and sperm concentration were slightly reduced in men who had a high soda and/or caffeine intake. Men should limit their caffeine consumption (that includes coffee, tea, chocolate, and energy drinks) to 300 milligrams a day (about three 6-ounce servings). Blow Off Some Steam. Stress can increase abnormal sperm and reduce its concentration. Sleeping and eating well, exercising regularly to work off pent-up energy and tension, making time to hang out with his guy friends (or sit in front of the tube and do nothing!) and other activities that he finds enjoyable or relaxing can help keep his stress in check.
Check His Meds. Before you start trying to conceive, he should make a list of all the medications he takes -- including prescriptions, over-the-counter drugs, vitamins, and herbal supplements -- and check them with his doctor. Some medications can affect the quality or quantity of a man's sperm. If he's using a medication that could possibly interfere with your baby-making goals, his doctor should be able to recommend a more fertility-friendly alternative. Keep Cool. There's a reason a male's testicles hang outside of his body. "Sperm production has to take place at a certain temperature, and even our core body temperature is too hot, so the testicles are outside to keep cool. If your guy does something that overheats his testicles, it can interfere with sperm production.
So he should limit the time he spends in hot tubs, saunas, and steam rooms. He may want to change his laptop habits, too. Using a computer on his lap too often may cause genital warming that could possibly affect the sperm. His best bet? Keep the lap time to a minimum, invest in a laptop cooling pad, and use the laptop on a desk more often. Stay Away from Toxins! If your guy works around a lot of chemicals and toxins, he needs to make sure they don't do a number on his member. Toxic chemicals such as heavy metals, lead, and chemical solvents can increase the percentage of damaged sperm, so men who expect to conceive in the near future should try to avoid them. If his job places him around chemicals, he can limit his contact by wearing a face mask and protective clothing and always using proper ventilation.
You may not find men poring over pre-pregnancy books, stocking up on the right vitamins and minerals, and avoiding hidden dangers that could harm their baby-to-be. But this kind of male nesting behavior should be more commonplace. Make an appointment to see your doctor, especially if you have a chronic disease, take any medication, or experience problems with erections, ejaculation, or loss of libido. t's a good idea to have a complete physical exam so your doctor can check for conditions that may affect fertility. Varicoceles, which are enlarged veins on the scrotum (the skin covering the testicles). Varicoceles prevent the testicles from cooling normally, and doctors think that may lead to fewer, misshapen, or less mobile sperm.
Although varicoceles are usually harmless, and no one knows exactly how they're related to infertility, 40 percent of men with fertility problems also have varicoceles. The condition is treatable, so talk to your doctor about the options. Sexually transmitted infections (STI), which may cause male infertility. Your doctor can test you and give you the right treatment if necessary. Prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate) or mumps (which may result in swollen testicles) may lead to infertility. Your primary care doctor can refer you to a urologist or a male fertility specialist if you need additional testing or treatments. Let your doctor know about everything you're taking, whether it's prescribed or over-the-counter. Certain medications can affect either the quality or quantity of sperm and cause male fertility problems.
In most cases, the effect is reversible once you go off the drugs. Talk to your doctor about your plans to become a dad, and find out if you can safely switch to a different medication. Anabolic steroids, which bodybuilders use to bulk up, are well studied, and evidence shows they can reduce sperm count and shrink the testicles. Though herbs and supplements may seem harmless, your doctor is the best person to decide whether they could interfere with your ability to father a child. Finally, ask your doctor about any hazards you may be exposed to on the job or elsewhere. Exposure to pesticides, heavy metals, and organic solvents, for example, can affect the quality and quantity of your sperm. All this really important to make your dream about baby alive!
The most important thing to find out is whether anyone in your family has a genetic or chromosomal disorder, such as Down syndrome, sickle cell anemia, cystic fibrosis. It's also important to note that some conditions are related to ethnic background. For example, Tay-Sachs is common among Ashkenazi Jews and French Canadians, and sickle cell anemia occurs more frequently in African Americans than other ethnic groups. You'll also want to find out if any relatives have intellectual disability or other developmental delays, or if they were born with an anatomical birth defect, like a cardiac or neural tube defect. Your partner will need to provide this information at her first preconception or prenatal visit, and your answers can help determine whether any specific prenatal tests are recommended.
If you thought you could continue mowing down chili dogs and cheese fries while your partner dines on grilled chicken and steamed vegetables, think again. Not only will it be easier for her if you follow the same healthy eating lifestyle, your sperm will be better off, too. Some studies suggest that certain antioxidants, such as vitamins C and E, can boost sperm count and motility. But before you reach for the supplements, check with your doctor. Too much C and E may damage your sperm's DNA. The American Society for Reproductive Medicine says that a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables, along with a multivitamin, may improve sperm quality. Lean protein, whole grains, and low-fat dairy can also help to enhance sperm health.
Eating a healthy diet can help you maintain a healthy weight, too. Being overweight has been linked to lower testosterone, poor sperm quality, and reduced fertility. One study found that the odds of infertility increased by 10 percent for every 20 pounds of excess weight. The party's over for your partner once you start trying for a baby, but what about you? Same goes for men. Sperm is just as affected by tobacco, alcohol, and drugs as a woman's eggs. Research suggests that this troublesome trio may lower sperm counts and slow motility. That means you should completely cut out recreational drugs (such as marijuana and cocaine), cut down on alcohol, and quit smoking before you start trying to conceive. So if you want to get good baby - you should make right choise.
Plus, kicking the habit now can help your family later. Secondhand smoke is not only dangerous for your partner it's also dangerous for your child – both in utero and after birth. Even using chewing tobacco has been linked to poor sperm function. Check your workplace and home for hazards. Other hidden dangers to sperm may be lurking where you work. Regular exposure to pesticides and other chemicals such as organic solvents, which are often found in dry cleaning and auto shops, can make it more difficult to conceive. They also can alter sperm composition, leading to birth defects and premature delivery. Because it takes three months for sperm to develop and fully mature, limit your exposure to these chemicals at least three months before you and your partner start trying to conceive.
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